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Almost everyone knows someone who has diabetes.
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose or blood sugar levels are too high. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems, like damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke and even the need to remove a limb. There are three types of diabetes:
- Type 1
- Type 2
- Gestational Diabetes
Diabetes can go silently undetected for a long time without symptoms.
Many people first become aware that they have diabetes when they develop one of its potentially life-threatening complications. The cause of diabetes is a mystery, although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles. A blood test can show if you have diabetes.
Some Warning Signs of Diabetes:
Frequent urination, Unusual thirst, Extreme hunger, Unusual weight loss, Extreme fatigue, Irritability, Blurred vision, Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal, Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, Recurring skin, gum or bladder infections Often people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms.
Fortunately, diabetes can be managed with proper care.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that can have serious consequences. However, with careful attention to your blood sugar control, lifestyle modifications and medications, you can manage your diabetes and may avoid many of the problems associated with the disease.
Click on the resource links below to learn more.
Also, there are some exceptional resources to help you set goals, plan healthy meals, eat using the plate method, and more. Please note these tools are useful for developing a healthy lifestyle even if you don't have diabetes.
How to Manage Diabetes
A mini-guide to managing diabetes. Topics include: Your Blood Sugar Goals • Testing Your Blood Sugar • Avoiding Complications • Diet and Exercise Tips • Foot Care Guidelines
Type 2 Diabetes and You
An introductory guide to Type 2 Diabetes and includes 4 quick tips to help you manage type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes is Epidemic
Diabetes is Epidemic, but it can be prevented and controlled. This brochure discusses symptoms and treatment for Diabetes. Source: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
Other Languages: Spanish, Chinese, Russian